According to the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), one of the most comprehensive sources of epidemiological data regarding CKD, close to 11% of the adult population could have some degree of the disease.
Studies suggest that by identifying and treating the CKD early, patients are less likely to need renal replacement therapy, such as hemodialysis or even a kidney transplant. The data, nonetheless, shows that CKD is often disregarded at its earliest stages when it’s still treatable. This is usually due to the lack of any particular symptoms or follow-up.
The key to avoiding kidney disease is prevention, so raising awareness as to what might be the reason behind CKD is crucial.
Diabetic nephropathy is the leading cause of ESRD (end-stage renal disease) in the USA (and the rest of the world), accounting for 45% of all new cases. Up to 35% of diabetic patients (both type I and II) eventually develop nephropathy after 15-20 years. What do you need to know about diabetes and CKD?
Hypertension has long been recognized to target the kidneys, the same way it targets the heart and blood vessels. It is both an important risk factor of CKD progression and a consequence of renal impairment.
What do you need to know about hypertension and CKD?
Glomerulonephritis is an inflammatory condition that affects the filtrating barrier of the nephron. The symptoms include hematuria, proteinuria and even renal failure at later stages, if untreated.
What do you need to know about glomerulonephritis and CKD?
What do you need to know about the autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease and CKD?
What do you need to know about Alport’s syndrome and CKD?:
It is important to note that any unexplained hematuria or renal failure should be cross-referenced with a family history of the same condition first. In general, patients with inherited nephropathy (kidney diseases) should be informed about the nature and genetic analysis of their disease in order to avoid any unnecessary investigation.
Tubulointerstitial diseases affect the tubular system and the interstitial cells in between and can cause chronic kidney disease, the same way as other glomerulopathies mentioned above. The glomerular filtrate undergoes a series of modifications before becoming the final product (urine), including removal or absorption, and addition or secretion of solutes and fluids. This is achieved by a specific system of tubular cells called the tubular system. If the system malfunctions that leads to a tubulointerstitial disease.
Please be aware that there are many other causes that affect the kidneys and are not as common as the ones mentioned here. Each patient is unique, so we advise you to refer to your doctor for details concerning your personal condition.